One of the essential tasks of every bearded dragon parent is to manage the temperature well to keep their beardie happy and healthy. While most people will reach for heat lamps, heat pads (also called under-tank-heaters) are another viable option.
The advantage of using Heat Pads for bearded dragons is that they provide ambient heat from below that can be turned on and off by a thermostat to automatically regulate the temperature in the tank.
Make sure to read our complete guide on bearded dragon temperature setups if you don’t know how all the parts play together yet!
What are Heat Pads?
First things first, what exactly are heat pads? Well, heat pads are flat, usually rectangular devices that emit heat when connected to a power source. They’re designed to be placed under your bearded dragon’s enclosure to provide a consistent and gentle heat source. These nifty little gadgets come in a variety of types, sizes, and wattages, so you’ll have no trouble finding the perfect one for your scaly pal.
When it comes to choosing the right size and wattage for your bearded dragon, it’s essential to consider the size of its enclosure and its specific heat requirements. A general rule of thumb is to select a heat pad that covers one-third to one-half of the tank’s bottom. This ensures there’s a proper temperature gradient, with one side being warmer than the other, so your bearded buddy can self-regulate their body temperature. As for wattage, smaller enclosures may require a lower wattage heat pad, while larger tanks may need a higher wattage to maintain the ideal temperature.
Benefits of Using Heat Pads for Bearded Dragons
Now, you might be wondering, “Why should I use a heat pad for my bearded dragon instead of other heating methods?” Excellent question! While there are other heating options like heat lamps and ceramic heat emitters, heat pads come with their own set of advantages.
One of the main benefits of using heat pads is that they provide a gentle, consistent heat source that closely mimics the warmth your bearded dragon would experience from the sun-warmed ground in the wild. This can help regulate their body temperature and behavior more effectively than other heating methods, ensuring they remain active and healthy.
However, a heat pad shouldn’t be the only heat source, as basking with a heat and light source from above is still needed.
Another significant advantage of heat pads is their safety. Unlike heat lamps, which can potentially cause burns if your bearded dragon gets too close, heat pads are usually placed outside the enclosure, minimizing direct contact and reducing the risk of burns. However, it’s essential to monitor the temperature closely and use a thermostat to prevent overheating, which we’ll discuss in more detail later on.
How to Use Heat Pads for Bearded Dragons
Now that we’ve covered the benefits of heat pads, let’s discuss how to set them up and use them in your bearded dragon’s enclosure. Here’s a step-by-step guide to get you started:
Step 1 – Choose the right location: First, decide where you want to place the heat pad. It’s best to position it under the “basking” side of the enclosure to create the appropriate temperature gradient your bearded dragon needs to regulate its body temperature.
Step 2 – Clean the area: Before attaching the heat pad or placing it under the tank, make sure to clean the area thoroughly. This will help ensure proper heat transfer and reduce the risk of dirt or debris getting stuck to the adhesive side of the pad (if you’re using an adhesive one).
Step 3 – Attach or place the heat pad: If you’re using an adhesive heat pad, peel off the protective backing and carefully stick it to the bottom of the enclosure, making sure it’s centered and smooth. For non-adhesive heat pads, simply place the pad under the tank, ensuring it’s properly aligned with the basking area.
Step 4 – Set up a thermostat: To avoid overheating and maintain a consistent temperature, it’s crucial to use a thermostat with your heat pad. Attach the thermostat’s probe to the enclosure floor (on top of the substrate) above the heat pad, and set the desired temperature, usually around 90-95°F (32-35°C) for the basking area.
This digital thermometer set includes a thermostat and a timer function, which you can use to control all heat and light sources.
Step 5 – Monitor and adjust the temperature: Using a digital thermometer with a probe or an infrared temperature gun, regularly check the temperature inside the enclosure to ensure it’s within the appropriate range. If necessary, adjust the thermostat settings to maintain the ideal temperature.
Remember, proper temperature regulation is crucial for your bearded dragon’s well-being, so it’s essential to keep an eye on the temperature and make adjustments as needed to avoid overheating or chilling.
Tips for Using Heat Pads for Bearded Dragons
To make the most of your heat pad and ensure your bearded dragon stays comfortable and safe, here are a few tips and recommendations:
Maintain and clean the heat pad: Regularly check the heat pad for any damage or signs of wear, and replace it if necessary. If you’re using a non-adhesive heat pad, you can simply wipe it down with a damp cloth to keep it clean. For adhesive heat pads, cleaning can be a bit trickier, but a gentle wipe with a damp cloth should suffice.
Always use a thermostat: As mentioned earlier, using a thermostat is essential for regulating the temperature and preventing overheating. Invest in a high-quality thermostat and keep an eye on the temperature to ensure your bearded dragon stays safe and comfortable.
Do your research: There are many heat pads on the market, and it’s essential to find the one that’s right for your bearded dragon. Some popular heat pad brands include Zoo Med, Exo Terra, and Fluker’s, but be sure to read reviews and ask fellow reptile enthusiasts for recommendations.
In conclusion, heat pads are an essential tool for keeping your bearded dragon warm and cozy, closely mimicking their natural environment and helping regulate their body temperature and behavior. By investing in a high-quality heat pad and following the tips and recommendations outlined in this article, you’ll be well on your way to providing your scaly friend with a comfortable and safe home.
For more information on bearded dragon care, check out our other articles or visit reputable websites and forums dedicated to reptile care. Remember, the key to a happy and healthy bearded dragon is knowledge and dedication, so keep learning and happy herping!